July 15, 2016
I’m in Phoenix and visited the Phoenix Art Museum. I was struck by the points of contact between modern/contemporary art and biblical interpretation. So, here is the first in a series of very short comments on some pieces of art and some thoughts about interpretation.
Here’s a piece, Tumbling Forms. What struck me was the way in which the artist piled gobs of paint in layers.
Here’s an example:
Whatever else this painting is doing, it is calling attention to itself as a painting. Its caption tells the observer that it depicts something–tumbling forms–but its technique reminds the reader that it is a painting. It enforces, in other words, a careful distinction between its being a depiction and its being a thing that self-consciously depicts. By having the gobs of paint turn the painting into a three dimensional object that rises from the surface of the canvas, the artist ensures that the observer is not too deeply immersed in the object depicted, but instead attends to the painting as a painting, as something graphic.
This reminded me of the way in which the Bible sometimes calls attention to itself as writing, even as it directs the reader’s attention to the subject matter that is narrated or discussed.
- “Not with our ancestors did the Lord make this covenant, but with us, who are all of us here alive today. The Lord spoke with you face to face at the mountain” (Deuteronomy 5:3-4, NRSV). Deuteronomy knows that the people who met with the Lord at Mount Horeb were all dead and that none of those being addressed in these verses were alive when the covenant was first made. But it deliberately ignores that historical reality to make the point that the covenant is renewed in each generation. It thus calls attention to itself as something other than narrative, even as it engages in narration.
- Consider the preface to the gospel according to Luke. Here the (implied) author steps out of the text to address the implied reader.
- Finally, there is this passage in John’s gospel: “Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book. But these are written so that you may come to believe that Jesus is the Messiah” (John 20:30-31, NRSV). Here the author drops the pretense of simple narration and tells the reader why the narration exists.
In each of these instances, the Bible directs the reader’s attention away from what seems like a straightforward historical narrative and toward the text as something written–as the creation of a writer.
Like the painting above, the Bible wants the reader to be mindful of the way in which the Bible is a written work, even as it seeks to engross the reader in its subject matter. In other words, it wants the reader to carefully attend to the scribal, graphic features of the Bible.